Archive for the ‘Lain-Lain’ Category

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Saturday, March 9th, 2013

Similarity of Economic Structure among Asean+3 Economies: A Multivariate analysis based on Maastricht Treaty Criterion

Tuesday, November 2nd, 2010

Noer Azam Achsani
Department of Economics and Graduate School of Management and Business
Bogor Agricultural University, Indonesia
E-mial: achsani@yahoo.com (preferred) or achsani@mb.ipb.ac.id

Hari Wijayanto
Department of Statistics, Faculty of Sciences and Mathematics
Bogor Agricultural University, Indonesia
E-mail: hari@ipb.ac.id

Almufidha Agustyarti
Department of Statistics, Faculty of Sciences and Mathematics
Bogor Agricultural University, Indonesia
E-mail: aola_sweety@yahoo.com

Dina Lianitasari
Brighten Institute, Jalan Merak No 14 Bogor, Indonesia
E-mail: dina_lianitasari@yahoo.com

Abstract

The success story of the EU in establishing a single market in 1999 have motivated ASEAN region to further integrate their economy towards ASEAN Economic Community (AEC) 2020. Theoretically, economic integration can succeed, when there is homogeneity among the member countries. The purpose of this paper is to classify the economy of ASEAN+3 countries based on Maastricht Treaty Criterion using k-means clustering analysis. Then, multivariate statistical analysis using biplot and procrustes will be applied for observing the characteristic differences between two periods, i.e. before the Asian economic crisis (1996-2001) and after the crisis (2002-2006).

The results show that there are still some clusters among ASEAN+3 countries. The advanced countries tend to gather in one cluster, while the developing countries gather in another cluster. Furthermore, the results also suggest that the configurations tend to be stable over time, i.e. in the crisis period and in the period after the crisis. The advanced countries do not have any great movements and therefore they are more stable in compare to the developing countries in the region. As a result, the integration process among ASEAN+3 countries should be handled carefully. Otherwise, the integration will not function well and the benefits of the integration will mainly goes to the more developed countries as warned by Yamazawa.

Keywords: ASEAN+3, economic integration, clustering, biplot, procrustes

Artikel selengkapnya dalam PDF File Klik disini

Sumber: http://www.eurojournals.com/ejss_16_03_08.pdf

The Relationship between Inflation and Real Exchange Rate: Comparative Study between ASEAN+3, the EU and North America

Tuesday, November 2nd, 2010

Noer Azam Achsani
Department of Economics and International Centre for Applied Finance and Economics,  Bogor Agricultural University, Indonesia
E-mail: achsani@yahoo.com (preferred) or achsani@mb.ipb.ac.id
Tel. +62-251-8377662; Fax. +62-251-8377896

Arie Jayanthy F A Fauzi
Graduate School of Management and Business, Bogor Agricultural University, Indonesia
E-mail: ariesangputriraja@yahoo.com
Tel: +62-251-8313813; Fax: +62-251-8318515

Piter Abdullah
Center for Central Banking Research, Bank Indonesia
E-mail: piter@bi.go.id

Abstract

Inflation has always been one of the most important macroeconomic issues. Due to this importance, a study concerning the factors associated with the behavior of inflation needs to be done. This paper will be devoted to analyze the relevance of inflation with the exchange rates. The research will try to compare the response or sensitivity of inflation to the changes in real exchange rates in Asia (ASEAN +3) and compare the result with those
of the EU and North America.

Using explorative statistical analysis and Granger-causality test, we found that there is a strong correlation between the movements of inflation with real exchange rate in most countries to be analyzed. For Asia, there is a significant one-way causal relationship, where the nominal and real exchange rates have a significant impact on the rate of inflation. On the other hand, in the Non-Asian regions, the causal relationship seems to be in the opposite direction. Furthermore, using panel data model with fixed effects, we found that the response or sensitivity of inflation to the changes in exchange rates in Asia is higher in compare to those in the EU and North America.

Keywords: Inflation, exchange rates, panel data

Artikel Selangkapnya dalam PDF File  Klik disini

Sumber : http://www.eurojournals.com/ejefas_18_06.pdf

Indonesia’s Crisis and the Agricultural Sector: the Relevance of Agricultural Demand-Led Industrialisation

Tuesday, July 20th, 2010

Abstract

Following a remarkable period of sustained economic growth and development over the past three decades, Indonesia is experiencing an unprecedented economic and social crisis. The effects of the economic crisis have seriously undermined social welfare gains made by Indonesia over the past three decades. Indonesia has commenced a comprehensive program of economic and social reform aimed at restructuring the economy. This paper provides an overview of the social impact of economic crisis and how the economic crisis has impacted on the agricultural sector. Particular emphasis is placed on the relevance of agricultural demand-led industrialisation (ADLI) to address the economic crisis in Indonesia.  The ADLI strategy argues that agriculture can be developed as an engine for economic recovery.
Artikel selengkapnya : UNEAC_asia_paper_no_2_1999_arief Atau http://www.une.edu.au/asiacentre/PDF/Arief.pdf

Model-Model Kuantitatif untuk Perencanaan Pembangunan Ekonomi Daerah

Friday, July 2nd, 2010

Arief Daryanto & Yundy Hafizrianda
Bogor; IPB PRESS, 2010
ISBN : 978-979-493-253-7

Salah satu permasalahan yang dihadapi terkait belum optimalnya pelaksanaan kebijakan desentralisasi dan otonomi daerah adalah masih terbatasnya dan masih rendahnya kapasitas para perencana pembangunan di daerah, baik dari segi jumlah maupun dari segi profesionalisme. Hal ini dapat berpotensi menimbulkan ketidakefisienan, ketidakefektifan dan ketidakoptimalan pemanfaatan sumber daya yang tersedia bagi pembangunan di daerah.

Dalam rangka untuk meningkatkan kualitas perencanaan pembangunan ekonomi daerah, buku ini diharapkan dapat memberikan rujukan yang bermanfaat terkait dengan berbagai metode kuantitatif yang kerap digunakan dalam perencanaan pembangunan ekonomi daerah. Buku ini membahas penggunaan berbagai metode kuantitatif antara lain dari yang paling sederhana (Location Quotient, Shift Share dan Incremental Capital Output Ratio) hingga yang lebih rumit (Analisis Input-Output, Social Accounting Matrix, Regresi sederhana dan Regresi lanjutan).

Buku ini tidak saja membahas konsep dasar pemahaman berbagai metode kuantitatif tersebut tetapi juga dilengkapi dengan aplikasinya dalam proses perencanaan pembangunan ekonomi daerah. Aplikasi yang disajikan dalam buku ini benar-benar contoh kasus dari dunia nyata. Tidak kalah penting, buku ini juga menguraikan beberapa piranti lunak (software) E-views, LISREL, Analysis I-O for Practitioners (AIOP) dan MATS yang dapat digunakan untuk keperluan berbagai analisis dalam studi-studi empiris.

Buku ini tidak hanya ditujukan kepada para praktisi perencana pembangunan ekonomi di daerah, tetapi juga untuk berbagai lapisan mahasiswa, baik tingkat sarjana, magister maupun doktoral. Bagi perencana pembangunan buku ini dapat digunakan sebagai bahan praktik perencanaan dan bagi mahasiswa buku ini tidak saja berfungsi sebagai buku teks tetapi juga untuk referensi penting dalam penulisan karya ilmiah.

The Influence of Fiscal and Monetary Policy on Economic Growth of Primary Sector: Plantation

Thursday, July 1st, 2010

Izzati Amperaningrum, Prof. Dr. Bunasor Sanim, MSc., Dr. Ambo Sakka Hadmar

Keywords: The fiscal policy, the monetary policy, the economy growth, the plantation primary commodity, the policy simulation

ABSTRACT :
In the agricultural sector, one of sub-sector which has important role to the
national income, man-powers wage, trade and the government income are the plantation sub-sector, especially the plantation primary commodities. The  performance of plantation primary commodities from Repelita I to date is satisfied in quantities, although in economic crises its performance did not
experience booming.  The objectives of the research are to analyze the correlation and the effect from the change of monetary and fiscal policy in the development of primary plantation commodities in order to support national economic growth, aimed at (1) analyzing the correlation and the effect of the monetary and fiscal policy change on the growth of the area width and the productivity of the plantation primary commodities (2) analyzing the correlation and the effect of the monetary and fiscal policy change on the growth of export, import, price and consumption of plantation primary commodities and (3) identifying monetary and fiscal policy also the combination of those policies effectively to push the growth of the plantation primary commodities, the welfare of the plantation consumers and producers, the change of devise and the national income (GDP).

Selengkapnya; influence fiscal_bunasor